It was established as the private, government-accredited University of National Power (Universitas Daya Nasional) on 20 May 1959, with Law and Business Administration faculties, and became a public university 16 May 1963. On 20 May 1963, the name was changed to State University of Pontianak (Universitas Negeri Pontianak). On 14 September 1965 the name changed again, to Dwikora University (Universitas Dwikora) (Dwikora, short for Dwi Komando Rakyat, was a reference to the Indonesian 'konfrontasi' with Malaysia). At this time, the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences was opened. On August 15, 1967 the final name change was effected to Tanjungpura University, a reference to the Tanjungpura Kingdom that once ruled the area.